What You Need to Know About Bed Bugs

Bed bug presence is
not an indication of dirtiness, nor should it be considered shameful.

Bed bugs do not select people based on cleanliness, race, or socio-economic status!


Step 1: Education

Learn to identify bed bugs and their signs:

  • Adults: chestnut brown to amber, oval, flat, and lentil seed size (¼ inch)
  • Nymphs (young): look like little adults
  • Eggs: small, white, barrel shaped, and sticky
  • Bed bugs cannot fly or jump, they walk
  • Bed bugs are usually active at night and are shy
  • Bed bugs are gentle quick feeders and defecate brown spots
  • Bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices, near beds and/or favorite seats or couches etc.

If you find something you suspect is a bed bug, bring it to a professional for identification. Carpet beetles, fleas, ticks, lint, lice, and cockroaches etc. can be mistaken for bed bugs

Step 2: Prevention

  • Never bring home discarded or abandoned articles e.g., mattresses, box springs, furniture, which may be infested with bed bugs
  • Be careful when purchasing used furniture, appliances, and/or articles. Immediately clean or launder items and inspect furniture before bringing them into the home or apartment
  • Travel precautions include using heat tolerant clothing, hard luggage, inspection of hotel beds, keeping clothing away from bed on racks or shower rails and immediate cleaning and laundering on arriving home

Step 3: Cooperation

Cooperation between landlords/tenants, homeowners, and Pest Management Professionals is vital in identifying and controlling bed bug infestations.

  • Infestations are easiest to eliminatewhen they’re caught early
  • Professionals should be licensed and experienced with bed bug management. A licensed Pest Management Professional should be the only person to use pesticides.

Step 4: Management

  • Reduction of anxiety and social stigma
  • Proactive inspection by citizens if they know what to look for, and/or proactive inspection by certified bed bug sniffing dogs and/or a Pest Management Professional technician is good policy
  • Cleaning and clutter reduction
  • Passive monitoring with bed bug traps andbarriers on bed feet
  • Mattress and box spring encasements
  • Heat and/or cold treatments
  • Post bed bug treatment inspections
  • Current homeowner pesticides including, sprays and foggers may not be totally effective against bed bugs because of pesticide resistance by the insects and their behavior. Bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices where homeowner pesticides can not reach.
  • Eliminating bed bug infestations requires the help of a licensed Pest Management Professional

Everyone must communicate